Glossary Terms:

The Economics of Pro Sports: Why are the Cowboys and Yankees so Valuable?

Glossary terms from:


Any activity or organization that produces or exchanges goods or services for a profit.


An amount that must be paid or spent to buy or obtain something. The effort, loss or sacrifice necessary to achieve or obtain something.


Money owed to someone else. Also the state or condition of owing money. Can be individual, corporate or government debt.


The study of how people, firms and societies choose to allocate scarce resources with alternative uses.


Economic units that demand productive resources from households and supply goods and services to households and government agencies.


Payments earned by households for selling or renting their productive resources. May include salaries, wages, interest and dividends.


Money paid regularly, at a particular rate, for the use of borrowed money.


A piece of work usually done on order at an agreed-upon rate. Also a paid position of regular employment.


Places, institutions or technological arrangements where or by means of which goods or services are exchanged. Also, the set of all sale and purchase transactions that affect the price of some good or service.


Anything that is generally accepted as final payment for goods and services; serves as a medium of exchange, a store of value and a standard of value. Characteristics of money are portability, stability in value, uniformity, durability and acceptance.

Operating Costs

The expenses of doing business.


A good or service that can be used to satisfy a want.


Income received for entrepreneurial skills and risk taking, calculated by subtracting all of a firm's explicit and implicit costs from its total revenues.


The money a business receives from customers who buy its goods and services. Not to be confused with profit.


Payments for labor resources; unlike wages, not explicitly based on the number of hours worked. See also Wages.


A regular payment, often at monthly or biweekly intervals, made by an employer to an employee, especially in the case of professional or white-collar employees. Salaries are paid for services rendered and are not based on hours worked.


Use money now to buy goods and services.


Compulsory payments to governments by households and businesses.