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Grade 9-12

The Mathematics Behind Progressive, Regressive, and Proportional Taxes

Time: 60 mins,
Updated: January 10 2024,


Students will be able to:

  • Define proportional, progressive and regressive taxes.
  • Create equations from a table or a graph to represent relationships between income and tax.
  • Represent average tax ratio as an equation in two or more variables.
  • Explain how the average tax ratio changes for different tax structures as income increases.

In this personal finance lesson, students will explore graphs to analyze the impact of different tax structures on families.


Click NEARPOD VERSION: PROGRESSIVE,REGRESSIVE, & PROPORTIONAL TAXES to access an interactive version of the lesson powered by Nearpod: students interact and respond to questions on their device, and teachers will see their responses in real time!