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Grade K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12

Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics

Updated: February 3 2021,



Open Manual

This economics manual provides a framework for teaching economics in kindergarten through 12th grade.


Revised in 2010, this essential guide for curriculum developers—department chairs, superintendents, teachers, education professors—was designed to teach our nation’s schoolchildren about basic economics and the economy. Helping young people develop economic ways of thinking and problem solving prepares them to be wise consumers, investors, and savers.The volume contains:

  • 20 Content Standards
    The most important and enduring ideas, concepts, and issues of economics
  • Benchmarks
    Expected achievement levels for grades 4, 8, and 12, with assessment exercises