Standards for Distribution of Income

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National Standards in Economics

Name: Income

Standard: 13

  • Students will understand that: Income for most people is determined by the market value of the productive resources they sell. What workers earn primarily depends on the market value of what they produce.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Predict future earnings based on their current plans for education, training, and career options.

Name: Role of Government and Market Failure

Standard: 16

  • Students will understand that: There is an economic role for government in a market economy whenever the benefits of a government policy outweigh its costs. Governments often provide for national defense, address environmental concerns, define and protect property rights, and attempt to make markets more competitive. Most government policies also have direct or indirect effects on people's incomes.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Identify and evaluate the benefits and costs of alternative public policies, and assess who enjoys the benefits and who bears the costs.

Name: Scarcity

Standard: 1

  • Students will understand that: Productive resources are limited. Therefore, people cannot have all the goods and services they want; as a result, they must choose some things and give up others.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Identify what they gain and what they give up when they make choices.

State Standards

Common Core State Standards

Name: HSN-Q.A

Standard: High School: Number and Quantity

Area: High School: Number and Quantity

  • Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems.

Name: HSS-ID.A

Standard: High School: Statistics & Probability

Area: High School: Statistics & Probability

  • Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable