Standards for Resource Allocation

Jump to:

National Standards in Economics

Name: Allocation

Standard: 3

  • Students will understand that: Different methods can be used to allocate goods and services. People acting individually or collectively must choose which methods to use to allocate different kinds of goods and services.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Evaluate different methods of allocating goods and services, by comparing the benefits to the costs of each method.

Name: Markets and Prices

Standard: 7

  • Students will understand that: Markets exist when buyers and sellers interact. This interaction determines market prices and thereby allocates scarce goods and services.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Identify markets in which they have participated as a buyer and seller and describe how the interaction of all buyers and sellers influences prices. Also, predict how prices change when there is either a shortage or surplus of the product available.

Name: Role of Prices

Standard: 8

  • Students will understand that: Prices send signals and provide incentives to buyers and sellers. When supply or demand changes, market prices adjust, affecting incentives.
  • Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Predict how changes in factors such as consumers' tastes or producers' technology affect prices.

National Standards in Financial Literacy

Name: Buying Goods and Services


  • Students will understand that: People cannot buy or make all the goods and services they want; as a result, people choose to buy some goods and services and not buy others. People can improve their economic wellbeing by making informed spending decisions, which entails collecting information, planning, and budgeting.

State Standards

Common Core State Standards

Name: High School: Number and Quantity



Name: Literacy in History/Social Studies